Women can only be sterilised at a hospital while men can be sterilised with private specialists.
How does it work?
Women are sterilised by lacing together the fallopian tubes so that the egg cannot meet any sperm. The procedure takes place under general anaesthesia during admission. There are extremely few complications connected to the procedure but a few of them are serious.
The man is sterilised by cutting the spermatic duct so that no sperm exits the penis along with the seminal fluid at ejaculation. The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia with two small incisions in the scrotum. Complications occur relatively frequent but are less serious. The most frequent complications are infections and bleedings in the scrotum.
Sterilisation does not affect the hormones. Neither the woman nor the man will be able to fell any change in their sexuality.
Contrary to popular belief, sterilisation is not 100% safe – but it is close (99%). The method may fail since new connections may be formed in the fallopian tubes or spermatic duct.
- If you regret the decision it can be difficult to recreate fertility. In the case of another surgery 48% of the men and 61% of the women are able to regain pregnancy.
- Sterilisation is a very safe method of avoiding pregnancy.
The newest methods
In the last few years, new methods have been developed for avoiding pregnancy. The methods are developed to help many women who have trouble remembering taking their contraceptive pill or mini-pill. Studies have shown that almost half of all women forget to take their pills at the right time and it may lead to unwanted pregnancy.