Burns are frequent and are mostly caused by accidents in the kitchen or the use of open fire. Depending on severity, burns are divided into different degrees. The most important and crucial treatment is prolonged rinse with lukewarm water. All 2nd and 3rd degree burns should be evaluated by a doctor.
Burns are a frequent damage. Half of all burns are caused by scalding from boiling water, hot coffee or hot food, as well as cooking plates - i.e. in the kitchen. Another common cause of burns is the use of open fire.
The temperature of scalding is surprisingly low. Water that is 54 degrees warm gives deep burns in just 30 seconds. But also, water that is only 44 degrees hot can by prolonged exposure damage the skin.
Burns are divided into degrees depending on how deep the damage is:
1st degree burn
Stretches only in the upper part of the skin and appears by redness of the skin and pain. A typical example is sunburn. A 1st degree burn does not give long-lasting genes. In addition to the swine in the area for 1-2 days there are no genes.
2nd degree burn
Stretches throughout the entire skin. Appears by pain, redness, swelling of the skin and blistering. The bladders are fluid-filled cavities just beneath the skin - which bubbles on the skin. Typical example is scalding with hot coffee or tea. A 2nd degree burn heals in 2-3 weeks, depending on how large and deep the burn is.
3rd degree burn
Stretches under the skin - down in the fat and muscles. Appears by a crust that can be white or brown and that covers a deep wound. There is no redness or blistering. A 3rd degree burn does not hurt because the nerves are broken. Typical example is burns from open fire or boiling water. A 3rd degree burn can not heal - either skin is transplanted over the injury or the wound shrinks and leaves a scar.