Burns are a frequent accident. Half of all burns occur by scalding of boiling water, hot coffee or warm food along with hot plates – in short, in the kitchen. Another frequent cause of burns is open fire.
The temperatures at scalding are surprisingly low. Water 54 degrees warm cause deep burns in the matter of 30 second. However, also water only 44 degrees warm can at longer exposure harm the skin.
Burns are divided into degrees depending on how deep the injury is:
1st degree burn.
Only reaches the upper part of the skin. Appears by redness and pain. A typical example is sunburn.
2nd degree burn.
Reaches through the entire skin. Appears by pain, redness, swelling of the skin and blisters. The blisters are cavities filled with liquid right beneath the skin – like bubbles on the skin. A typical example of scalding is warm coffee or tea.
3rd degree burn.
Reaches beneath the skin – into fat and muscle. Appears by a crust that is either white or brown and that covers a deep wound. There is no redness or blisters. A 3rd degree burn does not hurt because the nerves are destroyed. A typical example is a burn from open fire or boiling water.
The 1st degree burn does not cause lengthy nuisances. Besides from smarting in the area for 1 to 2 days, there are no nuisances. A 2nd degree burn heals in 2 to 3 weeks, depending on how large and deep the burn is. The deep 2nd degree burns heal with a scare, while the more superficial heal without a scar. A 3rd degree burn cannot heal, either you have to receive skin grafts to cover the injury or the wound shrinks with severe scarring.