Everyone has experienced a bleeding wound either caused by accidental stabbing or cutting injuries to the skin or following an abrasion. Far most wounds are treatable at home.
No matter where the wound is located or how big/deep the wound is, you should do the following:
- stop the bleeding
- clean the wound for dirt
- determine whether the wound is treatable at home or whether to contact the doctor
- dress the wound
- determine whether you need a tetanus vaccination
- watch for signs of infection
A wound heals in the course of 8-10 days. The first 1-2 days, the body cleans the wound by itself. While this takes place, the wound is weeping and mucky. After 3-5 days, a crust is formed covering the wound and after 6-8 days, the skin grows to cover the wound underneath the crust. Finally, after 8-12 days, the crust falls of and reveals a scar.
If inflammation of the wound arises it appears as swelling, warmth, redness and soreness. All four signs must be present at the same time. The first days following the accident the wound is watery which makes some people think that the wound is inflamed – it is not, however – it is the body that cleans the wound. Inflammation does not appear until after 2 days, at the earliest.