Attacks of unilateral headaches in one side of the head, vomiting and sensitivity towards sound and light are typical. Not all attacks are equally bad. Most people with migraine have 1 to 2 attacks a year. Migraine attacks are of no risk of permanent damage to the health. Effective medication for migraine exists.
Migraine is one of the most common kinds of headache. The frequency of the attacks is usually low with 1 to 2 cases a year and only few has more than 2 attacks a month. Often, migraine begins during childhood and is rarely seen after the age of 60. Thus, a lengthy rung with few attacks is typical for the illness.
Some people can feel when the attacks are approaching. They describe sensations like hunger, urge for certain foodstuffs or restlessness some hours before the attack itself. Typically, the migraine attack starts in the morning, however, it can arrive at any hour of the day.
Migraine attacks appears as headache that usually lasts from 4 to 72 hours. The headache is typically located in one side of the head. The pains are described as pulsating and worsened by physical activity, for example walking on stairs. Most people have nausea and possible vomiting. Many complain about heightened sensitivity towards sound and light. Therefore, they go to bed with the curtains and door closed.
With some people, the migraine attack is initiated with a few minutes of flicker for the eyes followed by headache. Other migraine attacks being with reduced eyesight, paralyses, for example in an arm, trouble with speaking or sensory disturbances that often lasts half an hour, before the headache sets in.
Migraine attacks are of no risk of permanent damage to the health.